Taking care of your skin is essential. Nevertheless, despite the growing prevalence of proper skincare, it can still be difficult (especially for beginners). Finding the products and techniques that help your skin reach its full potential is often a long, bumpy road.
If you’re looking to kick off your skincare journey, we’re here to help you out. And in our expert opinion, the best place to begin is to figure out your personal skin type.
Generally speaking, there are five different skin types: balanced, dry, oily, sensitive, and combination skin. Each of the skin types exhibits distinctive traits, which means that each type requires different methods of care.
Does this all sound a bit overwhelming? Don’t stress out too much—you’re not alone. Many people struggle to determine their skin type, and plenty of people don’t even know that these various skin types exist. However, by reading this article, you’re already on track to better skincare.
In this article, we’re going to delve into detail about the five different skin types. Moreover, we’ll offer up our best tips for taking care of each type. So, read on for everything you’ll ever need to know about this subject.
Balanced skin is almost like skin at an equilibrium—it’s not too dry, not too oily, not too anything. First things first, this type of skin typically has very few blemishes. Of course, we all get the occasional pimple or dark spot. However, people with balanced skin tend to experience these issues very infrequently.
Moreover, people in the balanced skin type club don’t have any particular sensitivities. In other words, the majority of products and ingredients won’t wreak havoc on their skin. Basically, it remains balanced in all circumstances.
Balanced skin doesn’t involve much work or complicated products because it doesn’t exhibit many blemishes or flaws.
However, this doesn’t mean that you should abandon a skincare routine completely. Even with balanced skin, you should always wear sunscreen to protect yourself from the sun’s harmful rays.
Likewise, adding a retinoid to your routine early on will help protect you against the effects of aging. The best way to combat signs of aging, like wrinkles and fine lines, is to use preventative measures like retinoids. So, get started early on to keep that balanced skin looking flawless.
Dry skin is characterized by one main thing: a lack of sebum (an oily substance produced by the body’s sebaceous glands). If your skin is lacking this natural oil, you probably experience a few characteristic symptoms.
One, your pores are very small—nearly invisible. Likewise, your skin is relatively inelastic, so it may feel tight.
In terms of your complexion, you likely have duller, rougher skin, instead of the brighter complexion of people with balanced skin. People with dry skin might even notice red patches on the face and elsewhere. Finally, your skin may have visible lines that just don’t seem to disappear.
Taking care of dry skin types is all about moisturizing. When you’re searching for skincare products, be sure to seek out the right ingredients. Things like hyaluronic acid, ceramides, or free fatty acids are excellent for hydration.
Staying on a consistent moisturizing schedule will help you keep your dry skin in check. Don’t be afraid to lay it on thick.
In addition, you may want to avoid conditions that might intensify your skin’s dryness. So, try skipping (or limiting) particularly hot showers. Or, you could invest in a humidifier for your bedroom. Anything that helps your skin lock in moisture may be beneficial.
Next up, we’ve got oily skin—what some may call the exact opposite of dry skin. Oily skin is characterized by excessive sebum production.
If you’re wondering if you have oily skin, take a look at your pores. Are they enlarged? If so, you may fall into this category. Similarly, if your complexion is either dull or shiny and thick, you likely have this kind of skin.
People with oily skin often experience frequent acne breakouts, including blackheads and pimples, due to the excess oil. Applying certain lotions may trigger these outbreaks, and hormonal changes may have some effect on acne-prone skin as well.
Oily skin often becomes more oily as a result of certain external factors. For example, changes in the weather (like increased heat and humidity) or high stress levels might cause your skin to feel more oily than usual.
Taking care of oily skin types can be tricky. You should probably avoid thick moisturizers, as they may lead to further breakouts. However, you don’t want to skip moisturizing altogether. For a happy medium, try something like hyaluronic acid.
Finally, be sure to wash your face twice a day with an oil-free, gentle cleanser, as well as any time you get sweaty. This should help keep those breakouts away and prevent irritation.
Combination skin is precisely what you would imagine. In short, it’s a combination of oily, dry, and balanced skin. Certain areas of the face may be balanced or dry, while other areas are oily.
People with combination skin typically have an oily t-zone. This zone consists of the forehead, nose, and chin. If you have this skin type, either this entire zone or part of it will tend to be oilier than the rest of your face (specifically your cheeks).
Those of us who fall into this category will experience a mix of the symptoms we’ve already mentioned above. For example, you might see frequent breakouts in certain areas and dry patches in others.
To care for combination skin, it’s important to craft a very targeted skincare routine. In other words, you’ll want to use products that are targeted for oily skin on the oily areas while using heavier moisturizers and creams on the dry or balanced areas. This may entail a bit of effort, but it’s totally worth it!
Likewise, finding products suited to all skin types (like our Vitamin C Clay Mask) is an efficient technique for taking care of combo skin. Our mask nourishes every skin type, all while treating issues like acne and hyperpigmentation.
Finally, we should mention sensitive skin types. In essence, this skin type will react to any and every product you use on it. Sensitive skin may grow itchy, red, or dry in response to a certain product. It might even start to burn.
If you have experienced such reactions, you probably have sensitive skin. If so, you should be sure to avoid products with strong fragrances or dyes. Moreover, be sure to steer clear of ingredients like sulfates and parabens.
Ultimately, the key to sensitive skin is simply noting which products tend to trigger your skin. Of course, you’ll want to avoid those products as much as possible.
There you have it—our comprehensive guide to the five skin types. With these resources under your belt, you should be fully prepared to begin your skincare adventure. Good luck!